咦?这是谁在 gei gei 笑?还是在学驴叫~哈哈,原来是一把“板胡”啊!

gei gei gei gei
gei gei gei gei

板胡是中国最具有代表性的传统乐器之一,拉弦乐器的一种,在中国大约有300多年的历史。音色高昂、坚实,具有很强的穿透力,个人感觉还很幽默,是北方戏曲、说唱曲艺的主要伴奏乐器,也可用于合奏和独奏。

它的名称是因为琴筒用薄木板粘成而得名的,清代时曾别称板琴。

板胡

20世纪50年代后,又用于独奏,器乐合奏。深受广大人民喜爱,流行于西北、华北、东北、东北各省区,尤以陕西、甘肃、山西等省最为盛行。最初,板胡主要流行于中国的北方地区,当地的许多地方戏曲和曲艺,比如像河北梆子,评剧、豫剧、秦腔等都是用板胡作为主要伴奏乐器的。由于板胡和中国的戏曲、曲艺有着深厚的渊源关系,因此它在演奏戏曲、曲艺音乐时最能发挥自身的特长,在地方戏曲和曲艺伴奏中,各地区的板胡善于表现各自不同的风格,富有独特的地方色彩。

民间板胡演奏
民间板胡演奏

平生第一次听板胡,大概是在幼儿园大班的时候吧,那时候在家里的老式电视机上看动画片《三个和尚》。当时觉得这三个和尚好奇妙,一个小和尚,一个高和尚和一个胖和尚,从他们上山进庙,一个接着一个上山,上山的路上为妙为肖的人物性格让当时还是孩童的我产生了很大的兴趣,结果开始了一场为谁挑水闹得很不愉快,到最后老鼠打翻主台,寺庙失火,三个和尚齐心合力将火扑灭。

记得当时家里有一台录像机,录制了《三个和尚》,之后一直到小学,我时常都会找机会把三个和尚翻出来看一下,百看不厌依旧觉得很有趣。

其实就这么一个简单的故事,之所以让还是孩童的我非常感兴趣我认为很大的原因是因为里面的配乐,用板胡替代情绪表达,以弦乐器和打击乐器的声音替代人声环境声,让整出动画立刻变得风趣起来。

这部动画其实很大程度影响了我的世界观,我潜意识里总觉得多人合作时所需要解决的问题比独自一人需要解决的问题更多。在很长一段时间内,学习或工作我都会优先考虑独自完成,并对他人的协助不抱有什么期望。这个习惯有好处也有坏处。确实很多工作我自己一人完成效率很高,能力也得到提升。但是一个人是不可能完成所有事情的,这也必然会影响在这方面的生活工作中的发挥。

上海美术电影制片厂《三个和尚》

《三个和尚》是根据中国民间谚语改编,由上海美术电影制片厂1981年制作的动画短片。短片由徐景达、马克宣担任导演,包蕾任编剧。

在场景造型上,参考了一些中国传统的绘画技法,如绘有山、水、庙的大全景具有水墨山水画造型的味道,影片还把西方动画片的现代漫画表现手法,巧妙地结合并融化在民族风格之中,使生动活泼的画面形象中蕴含着深刻的道理。

该动画的配乐也是由 上海电影乐团 负责演奏,金复载作曲,在中国全国第三届音乐作品评奖和第十一届“上海之春”中获奖。

动画片获奖:

1980 第一届 中国电影金鸡奖 最佳美术片奖
1981 第四届 丹麦欧登塞城国际童话电影节 银质奖
1982 第三十二届 西德西柏林国际电影节 短片银熊奖
1982 第六届 葡萄牙爱斯宾诺国际动画电影节 C组头奖
1983 第二届 菲律宾马尼拉国际电影节 儿童片特别奖
1984 第六届 厄瓜多尔基多国际儿童电影奖 特别奖

下面分享一个板胡音乐专辑:《中外器乐中国板胡·金曲 (沈立良独奏)》,其中也包含了《三个和尚》的配乐,一起来领略一下板胡的魅力吧。

  1. 地道战叙事曲 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  2. 猪八戒背媳妇 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  3. 秦腔牌子曲 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  4. 大起板 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  5. 舟山渔歌 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  6. 翻身道情 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  7. 云雀 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  8. 山东小曲 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  9. 红军哥哥回来了 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  10. 锄禾曲 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  11. 三个和尚 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  12. 大姑娘美 (板胡独奏) 沈立良
  13. 翻身的日子 (板胡独奏) 沈立良

专辑下载:
链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1KfwjfLJNUriVfuR698cV_w
密码: f2pn
–来自百度网盘超级会员V8的分享

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“咦?这是谁在 gei gei 笑?还是在学驴叫~哈哈,原来是一把“板胡”啊!”的166个回复

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